Fruit tree harvesting chart

Fruit tree harvesting chart

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Community gardens designed to provide locally grown food for families can be used to grow fruits in addition to the more commonly grown vegetables. There are many common and lesser-known fruits that are suited for planting in community garden situations. In Georgia, a lot of attention goes to peaches and blueberries. For commercial production, the goal is to produce a marketable crop, but for a community or school garden, there is less concern for blemish-free fruit as long as it can be harvested without too much time or money invested.

  • Seasonal Fruit Calendar
  • Apple Harvest
  • Fruit Tree Spray Plus
  • Growing healthy fruit trees
  • Tree Fruit
  • How Far Apart Should I Space Fruit Trees?
  • Creating an Orchard
  • How Much to Plant for a Year’s Supply of Fruit
  • Mid-Summer Fruit Calendar and Maintenance

Seasonal Fruit Calendar

Fruit and nut trees are a fun and rewarding addition to backyard landscapes throughout New Mexico. They have beautiful flowers, leaves, and fruit; provide much needed cooling shade; serve as habitat and food for birds and other wildlife; and, most importantly, produce healthful and delicious food. Late spring frosts occur frequently in all areas of the state, injuring the flowers and young fruits of early flowering species. In the north and at high altitudes, minimum winter temperatures limit the species that can be successfully planted.

Low relative humidity and drying winds may desiccate plants. The life expectancy of many trees may be limited by exposure to high sunlight intensity. New Mexico soils, in general, are alkaline, often resulting in mineral element deficiencies. Both soil and irrigation water may be high in soluble salts. The following discussion covers some problems likely to be encountered with various species, areas of adaptation, and a number of recommended varieties.

Our goal is to equip backyard orchardists in New Mexico with the knowledge they need to get the most enjoyment and productivity out of their fruit and nut trees. Apricot trees are adapted to alkaline soils, and usually mineral element deficiencies are not a problem. Trees are relatively long-lived. They have attractive leaves and are useful as small shade trees. Apricots flower after almonds but early enough to be injured frequently by late spring frosts. Young fruits seem to be more susceptible to frost injury than almonds, plums, or peaches.

Full crops occur in southern areas about one in five years and less frequently in colder areas. Home gardeners in northern New Mexico can consider apricots as shade trees that produce fruit only occasionally. Planting in a protected area will increase the chances of producing fruit. Fruit set for most cultivars benefits from, but does not require, a pollinizer.

Japanese plums flower about the same time as apricots, but young fruits are a little more cold-tolerant, and production is more reliable in southern areas of the state. It is hard to get a crop of Japanese plums in northern New Mexico.

Most varieties need cross pollination two different varieties need to be planted. Other tolerant varieties are 'Santa Rosa' and 'Satsuma'. Two hybrids that are reliable are 'Gold' and 'Sepa'. Japanese plums are short-lived and frequently chlorotic iron deficient in New Mexico because of high soil pH. They are recommended for northern New Mexico and high elevations. Recommended varieties are 'Early Blue', 'Castleton', and 'Stanley'.

In general, their performance has been poor in southern New Mexico. Pluots, plumcots, apriplums, and apriums are all hybrids of apricots and plums. Apriums and apriplums taste more like apricots, while pluots and plumcots taste like plums. They all have intense sweetness. Peach trees are short-lived in all areas of New Mexico, with an average life of 10—15 years.

Annual pruning to promote compact trees protects the main branches from burning. Iron deficiency may be a problem, especially on sandy soils. Peaches flower about two weeks before apples. Full crops should be expected once every three to five years. Based on a variety trial at Alcalde, NM, 'Sureprince', 'Challenger', and 'Saturn' were the earliest to bloom, while 'China Pearl' Figure 2 , 'Encore', 'Intrepid', and 'Risingstar' were the late bloomers among the 20 varieties tested.

Both sweet and sour cherry trees are short-lived and perform poorly in hot southern areas. They are recommended only for cooler areas northern New Mexico or high-elevation areas in the southern part of New Mexico. However, sweet cherries flower early and are vulnerable to late frosts.

Sour cherries Figure 3 bloom later and have a longer blooming period than sweet cherries. Sour cherries are less vulnerable to late frosts and always have a better crop than sweet cherries.

Apples require numerous scheduled sprayings to control worms codling moth and other pests. Apples also need another apple cultivar or crabapple as pollinizer. Although apple trees flower later than most fruit species, late spring frost injury occurs frequently in all areas except southern New Mexico.

Most commercial varieties are adapted to higher elevations. Semidwarf and dwarf trees begin to produce fruit at a younger age and are easier to manage than standard trees. Among newer varieties, 'Gala' Figure 4 is a reliable variety in northern New Mexico and 'Honeycrisp' is a late bloomer.

Just like apples, pears also need pollinizers and a spray program to manage wormy fruit. Pears flower after peaches and before apples. They are adapted to all areas, but production is better in southern New Mexico.

There has been no formal pear variety trial in New Mexico, but scattered plantings indicated that 'Bartlett' always has some fruit even in years with severe late frosts. Pear varieties on dwarfing rootstocks are recommended over standard trees. Asian pears also do well in New Mexico. While there has not yet been a formal cultivar trial for Asian pears, the varieties '20th Century' aka 'Nijisseiki' , 'Hosui', 'Kikusui', 'Kosui', 'Niitaka', 'Shinko', 'Shinseiki', 'Yakumo', and 'Yoinashi' have all been grown successfully in New Mexico backyards.

There are three main species or types of grapes that will grow in New Mexico Figure 5. European California varieties are not entirely winter-hardy in northern New Mexico and should be planted only in southern areas, unless winter protection is given. American varieties are cold-tolerant, but some, such as 'Concord', become chlorotic in alkaline soil. French hybrids and American hybrids do better in northern New Mexico. Persimmons are not a very popular fruit tree in New Mexico.

However, persimmon trees can be an attractive addition to the home orchard; they have large, dark-green leaves throughout the summer, and are particularly striking in late fall when the large fruits hanging on the trees look almost like bright orange Christmas tree ball ornaments.

Growing persimmons can be especially enjoyable since diseases and pests of persimmons are not a major concern in New Mexico.

The fruit of some persimmon varieties remain extremely astringent bitter and inedible unless properly ripened. Fruit from these astringent varieties look completely ripe on the tree, but after they are harvested they must be stored for several weeks at room temperature until they soften and lose their astringency. Although most people will agree that persimmons' sweet flavor is exquisite, some do not enjoy the jelly- or custard-like texture of fully ripened fruit of astringent varieties.

The fruit of other varieties called "non-astringent varieties" lose their astringency as they ripen on the tree and may be eaten crisp immediately after harvest. Fruit of astringent persimmon varieties are typically used for cooking and baking, while that of non-astringent varieties is most often eaten fresh out of hand.

Oriental or Kaki persimmons, which originated in China, Korea, and Japan, are the most common persimmons in home orchards in southern New Mexico. Unless planted in a particularly well-protected area, the most popular Oriental persimmon tree varieties, such as 'Hachiyea' astringent , 'Eureka' astringent , 'Fuyu' non-astringent , and 'Jiro' non-astringent are limited to the warmest areas of New Mexico, and even there these varieties will be injured by mid-winter freezes or spring frosts in some years.

For those wishing to plant in cooler parts of New Mexico, some Oriental persimmon varieties that have been noted for having exceptional cold hardiness are 'Great Wall', 'Sheng', and 'Saijo' all astringent varieties. Varieties of the American persimmon species whose native range includes the southeastern and mid-Atlantic states , such as 'Meader' and American x Oriental hybrids such as 'Rosseyanka', can be much more cold-hardy than Oriental persimmons and are the best choice for areas of New Mexico with colder winters and shorter summers.

Oriental persimmon varieties are usually able to produce fruit without cross-pollination. In fact, cross-pollination is considered undesirable by some orchardists because it results in seeded fruit, which, depending on the variety, may develop darkened chocolate-colored flesh. Certain American persimmon varieties are self-fruiting and require no cross-pollination, while others require planting of a second variety for pollination in order to set fruit.

Fig trees are a beautiful addition to southern and central New Mexico backyard orchards. Their large leaves give yards a lush tropical appearance, and the sweet fruit are wonderful for fresh eating, drying, fruit leathers, baking, jams, and canning.

Fig trees can produce two fruit crops per year: the "breba" crop in the spring and "main" crop in summer. There are few pest or disease issues for figs in New Mexico.

The primary limitation for figs is low winter or spring temperatures that may sometimes partially or completely kill fig tree canopies, even in southern New Mexico. If the roots were not killed during winter, fig trees that have experienced freezing temperatures usually grow back vigorously and can even produce some main crop fruit in the first year of regrowth.

Figs are grown on their own roots not grafted onto a rootstock , so the variety remains true even after the tree grows back from the root. In central New Mexico, outdoor trees should be planted in a protected area and mulched or tarped to minimize freeze damage. For backyard growers in colder areas of the state, fig trees can be grown in large portable containers and moved indoors during winter.

In general, backyard fig varieties require no cross-pollination to produce fruit, but there are some varieties, such as 'Calimyrna', that require the presence of a nearby pollinizer tree called a "caprifig," which produces no edible fruit and specialized fig wasp pollinators to set fruit. Pecan trees were first introduced to New Mexico in the late s. Pecan trees are susceptible to aphid infestations and certain nutrient deficiencies in New Mexico, yet they remain an extremely popular backyard tree in low-elevation areas in the southern half of the state.

At maturity, pecan trees are one of the largest tree species planted in New Mexico orchards, sometimes reaching 80— feet in height. Pecan nuts Figure 6 are best known as the central ingredient of pecan pies, but they can also be used as a healthful ingredient in breads, salads, cereals, and many other recipes. Of these, 'Western' is the best adapted to New Mexico's soils and climate. However, 'Burkett' trees are highly susceptible to aphid infestations.

In central New Mexico where the growing season is too short to mature 'Western' or 'Burkett' nuts, early ripening varieties like 'Pawnee' are recommended. Pecans are grouped into Type I and Type II varieties according to the timing of pollen shed and pollen receptivity of flowers.

Orchards produce best if at least one variety of each pollination type is included in the planting. Pistachio trees are native to the deserts of southwest Asia and are therefore well adapted to survive southern New Mexico's hot, dry summers and alkaline soils.

Despite being a desert tree, pistachio trees only produce well if they are watered regularly. From time to time, pecan nuts in southern New Mexico are injured by early fall freezes before ripening is complete, but this is unlikely for pistachios because nuts ripen in September Figure 7. Pistachio trees are susceptible to a number of foliar and soil-borne diseases, most of which are exacerbated by periods of excessive rainfall or excessively wet soils. One soil-borne disease—cotton root rot—rapidly kills pistachio trees and is not necessarily associated with excess moisture.

There is currently no effective way to prevent or manage cotton root rot, so it is prudent to avoid planting pistachio trees in sites known to be infested with this fungus.

Apple Harvest

One of the most beautiful attractions of Kelowna is its blossoms. Miles and miles of glorious, fragrant blossoms light the area in a dazzling array of soft colours. Visitors and residents alike come from all over to catch sight of this natural masterpiece and then enjoy its fresh rewards. Everyone, especially picky eaters, will enjoy choosing their own fresh fruit and veggies. The Kelowna area is ripe with plump offerings.

This citrus fruiting chart will help you select the best citrus tree varieties by the time of year the fruit is ready to pick.

Fruit Tree Spray Plus

Growing fruit and nuts in your home landscape can be very rewarding. It can also be incredibly frustrating in the most ideal of circumstances. The weather, the soil, and the squirrels all seem to be conspiring to rob you of your hard-earned harvest. These backyard fruit and nut production tips will list the varieties that we recommend for Austin and Travis County plus give you some best practices to help you be successful. At the end of this page we will list the fruit and nuts that are not well adapted to our area for those among you that love a challenge. You can download a copy of the complete list here. Apple trees are particularly susceptible to cotton root rot in Travis County. Cotton root rot also called Texas Root Rot is caused by the soil-borne fungus Phymatotrichum omnivorum that attacks over different species of plants.

Growing healthy fruit trees

We despatch all year round, usually within working days of receipt. Yield estimates based on mature trees. This is ideal for a small garden and is also the best choice for container growing. Crops early in life. This tree is often preferred over more vigorous stocks for commercial orchard planting these days, as it is precocious and heavy cropping and can be planted at higher density.

Most people think apples only grow in very cold climates, but there are several varieties that do well in our desert heat.

Tree Fruit

An apple is an edible fruit produced by an apple tree Malus domestica. Apple trees are cultivated worldwide and are the most widely grown species in the genus Malus. The tree originated in Central Asia , where its wild ancestor, Malus sieversii , is still found today. Apples have been grown for thousands of years in Asia and Europe and were brought to North America by European colonists. Apples have religious and mythological significance in many cultures, including Norse , Greek , and European Christian tradition. Apples grown from seed tend to be very different from those of the parents, and the resultant fruit frequently lack desired characteristics.

How Far Apart Should I Space Fruit Trees?

A home apple orchard can conveniently provide tasty, fresh fruits for family consumption. One can also have cultivars that may not otherwise be readily available at grocery stores or local orchards. A well-established and maintained apple orchard also enhances the appearance of the home landscape as specimen, border, espaliered or trellised plants, while producing food for the family. However, there is more to growing fruit than planting the trees and harvesting the crop. Growing high-quality apples requires considerable knowledge about cultivar selection, planting site, soil types, planting techniques, training, pruning, fertilization and pest management.

You can add a variety of this tree to label what it is and specify spacing or planting times. Harvesting. Harvest fruit when ripe. Planting and Harvesting.

Creating an Orchard

Note : Most crop pages include a calendar of backyard gardening operations with harvesting information specific to that crop. See calendar for more information, too. Harvested fruits and nuts are living things—they use O 2 and give off CO 2 in respiration.

How Much to Plant for a Year’s Supply of Fruit

RELATED VIDEO: Ash wood bench with fruit trees branches inlay

Login Sign up. Locations are marked as unverified if their position, identity, or existence is disputed. Many locations imported from tree inventories are marked as unverified because their edibility is uncertain for example, "Pear" could be either an edible or decorative variety. Users are encouraged to travel to these locations and report their findings. We enforce a taxonomy of edible types to keep the map organized and searchable.

Please enable JavaScript on your browser to best view this site. Citrus harvest time at Neighborhood Nursery is one of our favorite times of year.

Mid-Summer Fruit Calendar and Maintenance

For details on growing many other vegetables and fruits, visit our Crop at a Glance collection page. No plants give sweeter returns than fruit trees. From cold-hardy apples and cherries to semi-tropical citrus fruits, fruit trees grow in nearly every climate. Growing fruit trees requires a commitment to pruning and close monitoring of pests, and you must begin with a type of fruit tree known to grow well in your area. Choose varieties recommended by your local extension service, as some varieties need a certain level of chill hours number of hours below 45 degrees Fahrenheit. Even fruit trees described as self-fertile will set fruit better if grown near another variety known to be a compatible pollinator. Extension publications and nursery catalogs often include tables listing compatible varieties.

The table below shows the possible fruiting months for a wide variety of fruit trees, berries and vines. Clearly, the schedule for a particular plant will depend on its variety. So, for example, whilst apple trees may have fruit at any time from February to September, Golden Delicious are typically ready to harvest in February, Granny Smith in April and Eve in June.

Watch the video: Κλάδεμα οπωροφόρων φυλλοβόλων δέντρων


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